A Brief History Of The Travelling Funfair

Fairs in this country have a long and ancient history, deeply rooted in tradition.

The word fair is derived from the Latin ‘feria’, meaning a holiday and at one time the Romans were credited with the introduction of fairs.

It is now generally accepted that their origins are from pagan customs of the people who first settled this land; their seasonal gatherings held for the purposes of both trade and festivity, contained within them the essential elements of the fair.

The Romans did much to promote fairs by improving trade and communications throughout the country.

During the centuries following the departure of the Romans, many fairs and other festivals were incorporated into the calendar of the growing Christian Church. Charters granted by the sovereign gave the fair legal status and an increasing importance in the economic life of the nation.

Merchants and traders from Europe, the Middle East and beyond were drawn to the great chartered fairs of the Middle Ages bringing with them a wealth of goods.

The sheer number of these fairs, no fewer than 4860 were chartered between the years 1200 and 1400, drew not only merchant but entertainers as well: jugglers, musicians and tumblers – the ancestors of today’s showmen.

The Black Death of 1348-49 brought about a new kind of fair. In order to stem the rise in wages caused by the shortage of workers, Edward III introduced the Statute of Labourers. This compelled all able bodied men to present themselves annually for hire at a stated wage. These gathering or hiring fairs were held mainly around Michealmas, the end of the agricultural year.

By the early eighteenth century the trading aspects of the charter fairs had waned and most fairs consisted almost entirely of amusements, acrobats, illusionists and theatrical companies all plied their trade on fairgrounds.

Around this time the first fairground rides began to appear, small crudely constructed out of wood and propelled by gangs of boys.

In 1868, Frederick Savage, a successful agricultural engineer from Kings Lynn, devised a method of driving rides by steam. His invention, a steam engine mounted in the centre of the ride was to transform the fairground industry. Freed from the limitations of muscle power, rides could be made larger, more capacious and more heavily ornamented. The showman’s demand for novelty was matched by the ingenuity of Savage and other engineers.

In the wake of the steam revolution an amazing variety of new designs and rides appeared. These rides were the forerunners of today’s amazing thrill rides, over time innovations such as electric lighting, electric motors, hydraulics etc. allowed rides to evolve into the amazing devices that are seen today at any local fairground.

The History of Mother’s Day – A Labor of Love

In the hustle and bustle of life, Mother’s Day is a time to pay tribute to our mother and show her just how much we appreciate everything she’s done, and continues to do for us. It’s a very special day in the calendar for a very special person. But do you know the history of Mother’s Day? The following article is a quick look at how Mother’s Day in the United States officially came to be.

The Mother of all Goddesses

Mother’s Day has its origins in ancient Greek and Roman festivals dedicated to maternal goddesses. The Greeks honored Rhea, the mother of the gods and goddesses in Greek mythology, while the Romans’ Hilaria spring festival was dedicated to Cybele another mother goddess.

Mothering Sunday

A more modern version of Mother’s Day began in the 1600s in England, with Mothering Sunday which was celebrated on the 4th Sunday of Lent (exactly three weeks before Easter Sunday). As early as 10 years of age, children started working as servants, and living in servants’ quarters on their wealthy employer’s grounds. Because children were often miles from their parents, Mothering Sunday became a cherished day where servants were permitted to return home to their mothers for the day, making it one of happiness and celebration.

A Day of Peace

In 1872 in the US, Julia Ward Howe, famous for writing the words to the Battle Hymn of the Republic during the Civil War, began promoting Mother’s Day as one dedicated to peace. In 1872, the holiday was just an idea being promoted, but by 1873 women in 18 US cities held Mother’s Day for Peace celebrations. While the number of celebrations dwindled from year to year, it held on for another three decades. In fact, Boston continued the annual celebration for ten consecutive years. Yet, for one reason or another, the celebrations ceased. (Can we get a ’tisk ’tisk).

Declaring a Holiday

During the second week in May of 1905, Anna Jarvis from Philadelphia was mourning the loss of her mother, Ann Marie Reeves Jarvis. During the Civil War, her mother organized women with the goal of working to improve sanitation conditions for both Union and Confederate soldiers on days called Mother’s Work Days. Her mother was an inspiration to Anna and in 1907 she held a memorial and campaigned to establish a national Mother’s Day.

Anna Jarvis and her supporters then wrote to ministers, businessmen, and politicians promoting their campaign in an endeavor to establish a national holiday and on May 14, 1914 President Woodrow Wilson signed the Mother’s Day Proclamation. The second Sunday in May was officially declared Mother’s Day in the United States, and an International Mother’s Day Shrine was erected in Grafton, West Virginia, the childhood hometown of Anna Jarvis, to commemorate her achievement.

An International Celebration

Mother’s Day is celebrated around the world at different times during the year. However, some countries including Denmark, Finland, Italy, and Australia also celebrate Mother’s Day on the second Sunday in May.

Regardless of the actual date Mother’s Day is celebrated, it’s an important day in the calendar and one on which we can give thanks to that very special person in our life: our mom.